Supplimental Security Income (SSI) payments for children with disabilities

This information was provided by the Social Security Online Website.  To contact Social Security you can call 1-800-772-1213 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Your child younger than age 18 can qualify if he or she meets Social Security’s definition of disability for children, and if his or her income and resources fall within the eligibility limits. The amount of the SSI payment is different from one state to another because some states add to the SSI payment. Your local Social Security office can tell you more about your state’s total SSI payment.

Immediate SSI payments to your child

It can take three to five months for the state agency to decide if your child is disabled. However, for some medical conditions, they make SSI payments right away and for up to six months while the state agency decides if your child is disabled.

Following are some conditions that may qualify:

  • HIV infection;
  • Total blindness;
  • Total deafness;
  • Cerebral palsy;
  • Down syndrome;
  • Muscular dystrophy;
  • Severe mental retardation (child age 7 or older); and
  • Birth weight below 2 pounds, 10 ounces.

If your child has one of the qualifying conditions, he or she will get SSI payments right away. However, the state agency may finally decide that your child’s disability is not severe enough for SSI. If that happens, you will not have to pay back the SSI payments that your child got.

SSI disability reviews

Once your child starts receiving SSI, the law requires that they review your child’s medical condition from time to time to verify that he or she is still disabled. This review must be done:

  • At least every three years for children younger than age 18 whose conditions are expected to improve; and
  • By age 1 for babies who are getting SSI payments because of their low birth weight, unless it is determined their medical condition is not expected to improve by their first birthday and then a review is scheduled for a later date.

Although they may perform disabilities review even if your child’s condition is not expected to improve. When they do a review, you must present evidence that your child is and has been receiving treatment that is considered medically necessary for your child’s medical condition.

To file and claim and contact your local social security office click here.

View the SSI Child Disability Starter Kit

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